FREE
SHIPPING!

on all orders above $300.00

FREE Pills!

VIAGRA PILLS

for free with every order

OUR DRUG PRICES are

70%

Less than in your
local pharmacy

Search by letter:

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Enter coupon: (if you have one)

Algix (Etoricoxib)
+ BONUS
 
Etoricoxib

Pain management after elective hallux valgus surgery: a prospective randomized double-blind study comparing Algix and tramadol. A single daily dose of Algix, 120 mg, was compared with mefenamic acid (500 mg) every 8 hours and a placebo in a randomized, double-blind, crossover, controlled trial for the relief of moderate and severe pain from secondary dysmenorrhea in 22 women treated over 3 menstrual periods.

Other names for this medication:
Etoricoxib, Arcoxia, Nucoxia, Algix, Tauxib, Etorix,

Similar Products:
Inac, Supraviran, Clofenac, Pratiprazol, Nasida, Moxitral, Arthrexin, Citox, Ogasto, Rizatriptan, Trazodone, Tarimyl, Oroken, Lesflam, Miravirsen, Jonac, Vesalion, Serline, Albetol, Eupantol, Lansacid, Valcivir, Losartas, Allerfex, Axepta, Isoptin, Algix, Orkal, Bactocin, Loortan, Lamidus, Protica, Gabateva, Somac, Lomox, Nortriptilina, Dolotren, Amlodin, Exforge,

algix 60 mg 20 cpr rivergate

Alternariol acts as a topoisomerase poison, preferentially affecting the IIalpha isoform. The most heavily fouled materials were unloaded hydrogels and PMMA, despite differences in initial hydrophilicities. Transient inhibition of motor function induced by the Cavitron ultrasonic surgical aspirator during brain mapping. The results demonstrate that proteins from these five datasets can be categorized in conformity with their spatial distribution of SSEs. A different regional response by mouse oligodendrocyte progenitor cells (OPCs) to high-dose X-irradiation has consequences for repopulating OPC-depleted normal tissue.

algix 90 mg compressed

The capability of Lactobacillus casei to produce the flavor-related compounds diacetyl and acetoin from whey permeate has been examined by a metabolic engineering approach. They were symptomatic upon presentation and met classification criteria for idiopathic inflammatory myopathy.

algix 120 mg

Condom use during the most recent sexual event was assessed as well as 20 potential correlates of not using condoms. Application of cellular tracking technique in stem cells transplantation for heart disease Dual approach for automated sleep spindles detection within EEG background activity in infant polysomnograms. Consistent with the promiscuous DNA encapsidation by BPV1 pseudovirions, this DNA binding occurred without nucleotide sequence specificity.

algix 90 mg posologia de medicamentos

The modality can offer long-term cancer control in carefully selected patient with properly executed techniques. Ultrasound molecular imaging of VEGFR2 in a rat prostate tumor model using BR55. The morbidity analysis included four studies (768 patients) on POSSUM with a weighted O/E ratio of 0.96 (CI 0.94-0.98).

algix 120 mg prezzo kenya

Induction of differentiation of human promyelocytic leukemia (HL-60) cells by teleocidin and phorbol-12-myristate-13-acetate. The origin of the submental artery was 27.5 mm from the origin of the facial artery, 5.0 mm from the mandibular border, and 23.8 mm from the mandibular angle. The second 50 patients were alternately allocated to receive a maintenance infusion of disoprofol 150 or 200 micrograms/kg/minute. Powder flow rate, air abrasion nozzle distance and angle to the enamel substitute were constant throughout the experiments.

algix stock prices

A comparative study of thermal effects of 3 types of laser in eye: 3D simulation with bioheat equation. KMnO4-induced change in the chemiluminescence of Pseudomonas aeruginosa cells after their preliminary interaction with pyocyanine Thus, LMP1-mediated p38/SAPK2 activation regulates transcript stability. The first method compares an eye image with a reference frame using cross-correlation methods.

algix 60 mg etoricoxib 120

Physiological interaction of Ku70 with endogenous TrkA was induced upon NGF stimulation in non-transfected cells, and co-localization was observed with confocal microscopy. This study sought to explore the expectations of patients, their carers and physicians regarding the communication of clinical information to carers. Limits to sustainable energy budget during lactation in the striped hamster (Cricetulus barabensis) raising litters of different size. List-method directed forgetting involves encoding 2 lists, between which half of the participants are told to forget List 1.

algix tablets for sale

The IPAo control algorithm responds by increasing the pump speed when peripheral resistance or systemic compliance is reduced. Although TNF-alpha activates multiple signaling cascades, only the inhibitor of p38 MAPK pathway blocked TNF-alpha-induced Spry2 down-regulation. Further, males able to mate with a series of unfamiliar females had lower lifetime growth, indicating the primary cost of male reproductive effort in guppies arises from copulation rather than courtship. Epithelial morphogenesis: apoptotic forces drive cell shape changes.

algix 90 mg prezzo italian

Proprioception and throwing accuracy in the dominant shoulder after cryotherapy. Aiming to investigate anti-inflammatory mechanisms of SFN, we here report a potent decrease in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced secretion of pro-inflammatory and pro-carcinogenic signaling factors in cultured Raw 264.7 macrophages after SFN treatment, i.e. This quantitative meta analysis sought to determine the effectiveness of SMIs.

algix 60 mg a cosa serve l'acido

The microextraction process of the aggregates was observed as random flashes of Eu(tta)3 fluorescence at the dodecane-water interface. The effect of PUFAs on metastasis of colon carcinoma is still unclear.

algix tablets with keyboards

During the last decade, stem cells have also been identified in other organs, including the nervous system, both during development and in post-natal life. The ideal status of psychiatric bed facilities and social rehabilitation services projected from the results of surveys on health service needs Topical nitrogen mustard for the treatment of granulomatous slack skin.

algix 90 mg controindicazioni tecarterapia

Caries experience in relation to oral hygiene, salivary cariogenic microflora, buffer capacity and secretion rate in 6-year olds and 12 year olds in Riga. Depression as a predictor of work resumption following myocardial infarction (MI): a review of recent research evidence. Neuroendocrine carcinoma (NEC) is a cancer arising from neuroendocrine cells, most commonly in the lungs. The regulation of transcriptional programs by epigenetic readers (bromodomains) has been linked to the development of several pathologies. Affinity chromatography of coagulation factors II, VIII, IX and X on matrix-bound phospholipid vesicles.

algix tablets computers

The results have shown a low proportion of coronary heart disease patients, especially with diabetes mellitus and metabolic syndrome, who reached the recommended therapeutic targets for cardiometabolic risk profile parameters, in spite of widely used cardioprotective drugs, and therefore clearly demonstrated the compelling need for more effective lifestyle management in the secondary prevention of coronary heart disease. Generalized estimating equations have become a popular regression method for analysing clustered binary data. Tracking delays in report availability caused by incorrect exam status with Web-based issue tracking: a quality initiative.

algix 90 mg controindicazioni biancospino

  • algix 60 mg etoricoxib 90mg
  • algix tablets for children
  • algix 120 mg prezzo london
  • algix 90 mg indicazioni nazionali2012
  • algix 90 mg morphine
  • algix 20cpr riv 90 mg codeine
  • algix 60 mg indicazioni a sant
  • algix 60 mg etoricoxib tablets
  • algix 90 etoricoxib dosage
  • algix 90 mg etoricoxib side
  • algix 120 mg prezzo iphone
  • algix 60 mg posologia aciclovir
  • algix 60 mg compresse prezzo london
  • algix 90 mg foglio illustrativo monuril
  • algix 90 mg costovertebral angle
  • algix 90 mg indicazioni per il
  • algix medicine hat
  • algix 90 mg etoricoxib arcoxia
  • algix 120 mg prezzo's milford
  • algix 120 mg prezzo vouchers
  • algix 60 mg etoricoxib tablet
  • algix 90 mg 20 cpr rivergate
  • algix 90 mg armour
  • algix 90 mg posologia profenid
  • algix medicine
  • algix 90 mg controindicazioni cardioaspirina
  • algix 90 mg of cymbalta
  • algix 90 mg etoricoxib tablet
  • algix 90 mg compresse rivestite con film festival
  • algix 90 mg controindicazioni nuvaring
  • algix tablets 2016
  • algix medication reconciliation
  • algix 90 mg effetti collaterali vaccino
  • algix tablets with usb
  • algix 90 mg compresse
  • algix 60 mg effetti collaterali radio
  • algix 90 mg etoricoxib en
  • algix 90 mg costovertebral tenderness
  • algix 60 mg effetti collaterali
  • algix medication errors
  • algix 90 mg effetti collaterali cortisone
  • algix 90 mg prezzo petrolio
  • algix 60 etoricoxib tablet
  • algix 90 mg codeine
  • algix 60 mg effetti collaterali vaccino
  • algix 90 mg 20 cpr riv
  • algix 90 mg foglio illustrativo yaz
  • algix 120 mg
  • algix tablets
  • algix 90 mg effetti collaterali pillola
  • algix 60 mg indicazioni stradali
  • algix 60 mg compresse prezzo petrolio
  • algix 90 mg
  • algix 120 mg prezzo voucher
  • farmaco algix 90 mg
  • algix 120 mg prezzo
  • algix 90 mg compresse rivestite con films
  • algix 60 mg compresse prezzo handbags
  • algix medication dictionary
  • algix 60 mg etoricoxib en
  • algix 90 mg indicazioni amniocentesi
  • algix medication information
  • algix 90 mg controindicazioni tecarterapia
  • algix 60 mg prezzo oro

algix medication administration

Purification and properties of DNA polymerase from Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Rv. Psychosocial factors (e.g., depression, avoidant coping, life stress) have been related to disease progression in HIV. Persistent virus-induced gene silencing in asymptomatic accessions of Arabidopsis. Cytochrome P450 17A1 and catechol O-methyltransferase polymorphisms and age at Lynch syndrome colon cancer onset in Newfoundland.

algix 60 mg effetti collaterali vaccino

Race/ethnicity, socioeconomic factors, and smoking among early adolescent girls in the United States. Electron beam CT (EBCT) has been used to measure coronary artery calcification score (CACS). Genetic diversity in ex-situ conserved Lens culinaris for botanical descriptors, biochemical and molecular markers and identification of landraces from indigenous genetic resources of Pakistan. This is compounded by an absence of tsetse distribution data, continued political instability in north-central Uganda, continued spread of disease into new districts, and evidence of the role of livestock movements in spreading the parasite. Here we report backbone and side chain assignments necessary for characterization of protein dynamics involved in the allosteric mechanism of IGP synthase.

algix tablets with keyboards

One new saponin was proposed on the basis of empirical criteria, and other five saponins were identified for the first time for P. DOX-SS-CSO-SA had high efficiency for cellular uptake and rapidly released DOX in reductive intracellular environments. We conclude, that the MAP1B heavy chain has a microtubule-stabilization effect, and contains an actin-binding site that may play a role in the crosslinking of actin and microtubules, a function that may be important in neurite elongation. Moreover, MPD5 elicited IgG antibody responses in a subset of PV patients who had benefited from a variety of therapies--including IFN-alpha, Hydroxyurea, Imatinib mesylate, Anagrelide, and phlebotomy--but not in untreated PV patients or healthy donors, suggesting that MPD5 is a PV-associated, therapy-related antigen. By means of HPLC-PDA and accurate mass LC-QTOF MS and MS/MS analyses, the major phenolic compounds in globe artichoke leaves were identified: four isomers of dicaffeoylquinic acid, three isomers of caffeoylquinic acid, and the flavone luteolin 7-glucoside.

algix 60 mg a cosa serve l'equiseto

We have shown that collection of public-health information is possible even during periods of extreme violence. a 79-y-o female complaining of vulvar itching and yellowish vaginal discharge underwent a complete gynaecological evaluation during which a LBP cytological sample was taken from a suspicious whitish mass protruding into the vaginal lumen. This strategy involves the development of stable transfected cell lines expressing a double-tagged modifier under the control of a tightly negatively regulated promoter, the induction of the expression and conjugation of the tagged modifier to cellular proteins, the tandem affinity purification of the pool of proteins covalently modified by the tagged modifier, and the identification of the modified proteins by LC and MS.

algix compresse costco

The results showed that nucleolar DNA of rat liver cells comes from nucleolus-associated chromatin, and continuously extends in the dense fibrillar component (DFC) of nucleolus, localizes at the periphery of fibrillar center (FC) and in DFC. A Mitrofanoff channel was created from a bladder tube in 4 patients, from appendix in 3, from ileum in 2 and from the ureter in 1.

algix 90 mg posologia rivotril

To determine the influence of each domain of flavoHbs on ligand binding, we have studied the kinetic ligand-binding properties of oxygen, carbon monoxide and nitric oxide to the chimaeric proteins, FHPg (truncated form of FHP comprising the globin domain alone) and VHb-Red (fusion protein between VHb and the C-terminal reductase domain of FHP) and compared them with those of their natural counterparts, FHP and VHb. Here, we summarize the clinical, analysis-related and ethical problems regarding genetic counseling in multiple pregnancies. These results suggest that parthenolide-induced inhibition of IL-12 production in macrophages may explain some of the biological effects of parthenolide including its anti-inflammatory activity. Changes in cortical interhemispheric coherence produced by functional electrical stimulation (FES) New kid on the block: mentoring and networking as survival strategies for novice NPs.

algix 90 mg etoricoxib

Saddle block spinal anesthesia in obstetrics, with special reference to the use of metycaine. We report a neutropenic patient who developed a severe sino-orbito-cerebral H. The development of novel, effective, and specific therapeutics for the treatment of visceral pain has never been more pertinent. In the absence of the high-affinity molybdate transporter, molybdate is also transported by another ABC transporter which transports sulfate/thiosulfate as well as by a nonspecific anion transporter.

algix 90 mg costophrenic angle

Current trends and short-term outcomes of live donor nephrectomy: a population-based analysis of the nationwide inpatient sample. A peek into tropomyosin binding and unfolding on the actin filament.

algix 90 mg 20 cpr rivergate

New technology and health care costs--the case of robot-assisted surgery. Colonoscopy revealed a lobulated peduncular polyp with bleeding, about 40 mm in diameter, in the ascending colon. It can be concluded that exposure variation between- and within greenhouses is very large, both in terms of chemical composition and exposure intensity. The enzyme, composed of both mitochondrially and nuclear encoded subunits, is embedded in the inner mitochondrial membrane, where it catalyzes the transfer of electrons form reduced cytochrome c to dioxygen, coupling this reaction with vectorial proton pumping across the inner membrane. Evaluation and impact on incidence of admission to the neonatal care unit in cases of jaundice after early discharge form the nursery

algix medicine cabinets

An electrophoretic study of the components of the serum proteins in cirrhosis of the liver. Compared to traditional qualitative review methods, meta-analysis quantitatively accounts for interstudy differences, allows greater consideration of data from studies with smaller sample sizes, and offers ease of analysis as newer data become available, and thus, merits consideration for its application in food safety consumer research. We studied the value of these proteins in predicting the risk of new cardiovascular events.

algix 120 mg prezzo offers

A bacterium was optically trapped and brought in contact with a 10-microm diameter polystyrene microsphere coated with fibronectin. Sickle cell crisis is an acute painful episode caused by occlusion of arterioles.

algix 90 mg methadone

In addition, we define the term anatomical connectivity, taking the underlying image modality into account. Direct measurement of recombination rates remains infeasible on a large scale, and population-genetic approaches can be imprecise, and are affected by demographic history. PLIF with a titanium cage and excised facet joint bone for degenerative spondylolisthesis--in augmentation with a pedicle screw. Experiences of acupuncturists in a placebo-controlled, randomized clinical trial. While the clinical results with one substance P antagonist have led to the cessation of further trials, other molecules are in development.

algix etoricoxib 60 mg

Bacterial challenges of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss Walbaum) with the resistant strains demonstrated that the 259-93B.17 strain was highly attenuated and the 259-93A.16 strain was modestly attenuated at the challenge doses tested. To determine the contribution of glycinergic and GABAergic synapses to those changes, GlyR- and GABA(A)R-mediated mIPSCs were isolated based on their pharmacological properties.

algix 60 mg posologia definicion

To identify the determinants of low birth weight (LBW), preterm birth, and stillbirth, and the factors associated with paid or domestic work that affected pregnancy outcome in Ibadan, Nigeria. These factors were also measured in the whole blood, in inflammation nodus tissues and in amputation level nodal tissues taken from 17 patients with local surgical infection. Nonmethane organic carbon (NMOC) is a measure of total organic carbon except for that from CH4. However, the active Raf-1 failed to rescue the growth arrest induced by Rad24 overexpression.

algix medication therapy

The pRb/E2F and Wnt/beta-catenin pathways are two of the most frequently deregulated pathways in human cancers. Retinal ischemia-reperfusion causes capillary degeneration but the mechanisms of damage are not well understood.

algix 60 mg posologia profenid

Surgery has been the primary intervention for these disorders, with frequently less than optimal outcomes and risk for additional morbidity and mortality. The concept of ductal approaches includes several techniques and ductal lavage and duscoscopy.

algix 60 mg prezzo warren

Distortions are introduced by noise reducing techniques in both the time-domain singular value decomposition (SVD) and frequency-domain based Fourier transform (FT) deconvolution approaches. Tissue factor (TF) is a member of the cytokine receptor superfamily and binds FVII/VIIa. The application of nanotechnologies to the field of regenerative medicine offers the potential to direct cell fate, target the delivery of cells and reduce immune rejection (via encapsulation), thereby supporting the development of regenerative medicines. An earlier report assumed that sea ice was prevalent in the middle Eocene Arctic on the basis of IRD, and although somewhat preliminary supportive evidence exists, these data are neither comprehensive nor quantified. Therapeutic use of the tricyclic-induced switch in bipolar manic-depression.

algix medication therapy

In children with minimally angulated fractures of the distal radius, use of a splint was as effective as a cast with respect to the recovery of physical function. ORs adjusted for such factors as socioeconomic status and religiosity produced similar results.

algix 90 mg indicazioni nazionali2012

In 10 patients in this group a repeated rise in the number of discharges was observed immediately after the exercise which was connected usually with greater fatigue after the exercise. This study assessed the racial/ethnic disparities in PSD detection in a national cohort of Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) acute stroke patients. The present study was conducted in a tertiary care center of North India on 74 patients over an 18-month period.

algix 60 mg posologia aciclovir

Genetic analysis from a single cell is both rewarding and challenging, especially in PGD. Bitches received daily oral doses of LAAM from the second week through the sixth week of pregnancy (LAAM-6) or through the end of a 9-week pregnancy (LAAM-9), but not after parturition. This reaction worked with a variety of silyl protecting groups but not the tert-butyldiphenylsilyl (TBDPS) protecting group. Serum peptides as candidate biomarkers for dementia with Lewy bodies. Comparisons among the complete genomes of four betanodavirus genotypes.

algix 120 mg prezzo vouchers

In normal preparations, when the external lactate concentration was greater than 10 mM, the ratio of lactate-to-mannitol space rose with time. The aims of the present study were to determine the prevalence of adults with T1D who adopted a healthy lifestyle and to explore the association between a healthy lifestyle and the cardiometabolic profile. The majority of intrauterine infections, however, are associated with Ureaplasma urealyticum, which does not contain LPS. Hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c), lipids, and blood pressure were collected from the patient electronic medical record before and, where available, three months after the group visit.

algix 60 mg 20 cpr riverchase

Insights from surveys, desk research, expert interviews, workshops and quantitative modelling were combined to produce the first business model and then to refine it in three design cycles. The participants completed the Temperament and Character Inventory - Revised (TCI-R) and the Suicidal Behaviors Questionnaire - Revised (SBQ-R). Consecutive inclusion of spinal cord injured patients admitted for postacute rehabilitation from June 2000 to January 2002.

Testimonials
Best
 Show Hide 
algix 90 etoricoxib tablet 2016-08-15

In mice, a single IgM specificity produced by peritoneal B cells can initiate reperfusion injury. Load testing was performed while intact, after diskectomy, after cage placement, and after fatiguing. The highest frequency is blastocystis hominis treatment metronidazole dose for children found in the Parisian region where 185-200 new cases are annually diagnosed.

algix 60 mg posologia amoxicilina 2019-01-21

A similar treatment schedule, i.e a priming of mice inoculated with Ehrlich ascites cells with difluoromethylornithine for a few days, likewise enhanced isozid comp 100 mg nizagara the uptake of methylglyoxal bis(guanylhydrazone) by the carcinoma cells, but only marginally increased the drug concentration in the liver and small intestine of the animals. Studies of the interaction of model peptides with membranes have allowed for increased understanding at the molecular level of the mechanism of the promotion of membrane fusion by fusion proteins.

algix tablets on sale 2012-11-01

In contrast, household wealth and availability of at least basic emergency lansoprazole vs omeprazole vs ranitidine 300 care within 10 kilometers substantially increase the odds of an institutional delivery. Effects of mannitol bolus administration on intracranial pressure, cerebral extracellular metabolites, and tissue oxygenation in severely head-injured patients. Abstracts of the AACC Annual Meeting, July 15-19, 2007, San Diego, California, USA. The PREPAST trial is designed to show whether early endoscopic intervention with the usage of preventive pancreatic stenting improves the outcome of acute biliary pancreatitis.

algix 60 mg effetti collaterali zoloft 2013-10-28

Unexpectedly, we found that the ability of a given alternative splicing factor to behave as an enhancer or repressor of a specific splicing event can change during development. CK19 immunoexpression in extrapancreatic endocrine tumours of the gastrointestinal tract. Current noise exposure was estimated using both sound level meter and noise-dosimeter. This will lead to the clinical application acix middle east general trading llc relief of the noninvasive blood component measurement.

algix tablets with windows 2017-12-08

Eccentric exercises for the management of tendinopathy of metrozine syrup and honey the main body of the Achilles tendon with or without an AirHeel Brace. The surfaces studied were analyzed according to their topography, chemical composition, and roughness. However, most studies focusing on mGluR regulation by Homer proteins used relatively long-term overexpression. Female managers reported poor well-being to a greater extent than male managers, but were more satisfied with their lives.

algix 90 mg effetti collaterali valeriana 2013-04-05

7 years after they ceased training, revealed that intrapair differences were negligible in physiological attributes but divergent in personality traits measured. Influence of prior influenza vaccination on antibody and B-cell responses. Demographic profile of mothers and their levocin adalah obat untuk vertigo utilisation of maternal health-care services in Osun State, Nigeria.

algix 90 mg controindicazioni cialis 2016-03-15

Calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) acts as a survival factor in the rat gubernaculum, possibly to steer cells away from a defined apoptotic pathway. This depends on improving the weight, blood pressure, and metabolic profile of the entire community and reducing infections. The method is applied to the problem of diffraction of inhomogeneous plane waves by a perfectly conducting half-plane and wedge. Despite the abundance lovir acyclovir tablets 200 of ECG LVH criteria, their prognostic values have been compared in only a few studies, and little has been known about how sex modifies the prognostic value of LVH. Temporal trend of in-hospital major bleeding among patients with non ST-elevation acute coronary syndromes.

algix 120 mg prezzo italian 2011-02-06

DESIGN: A mathematical model was developed, based on experimental data from cadaver studies. The term atypical pneumonia was originally used side effects for metronidazole 500mg to describe an unusual presentation of pneumonia.

algix 90 mg effetti collaterali vaccini 2018-03-13

coli, which reproducibly elicits diarrhea in human volunteer studies. Although the behaviour involves some of the most complex and highly developed interspecific communication signals known, the proximate causal factors for why clients seek cleaners are herplex walmart controversial. This article establishes the most critical, practical, and successful treatment options and their controversies for the practicing clinician caring for the patient with symptomatic diabetic neuropathy from the available literature.

algix 120 mg 2018-07-20

Antagonism of kepinol forte wirkstoff monuril metabotropic glutamate receptor 4 receptors by (RS)-alpha-cyclopropyl-4-phosphonophenylglycine alters the taste of amino acids in rats. In the laser sides, grades of pain were significantly higher than that of treated with CROSS method. In addition, oral clopidogrel does not inhibit aggregation responses to ADP in these mice. Different conformations can be distinguished on the basis of their ESI charge state distributions. This paper reports an open naturalistic study to better characterize the motivational orientation of students in higher education.

algix 90 mg caffeine 2018-05-11

A new retroviral element, a foamy-like pol-related sequence, was also detected in PBL. Using a double-blind, double-dummy design at 149 hospitals in 18 countries, we randomly assigned patients to receive either tirofiban or abciximab before undergoing percutaneous coronary revascularization with the intent to perform stenting. Despite the availability of several mapping technologies for investigating the redhook esb ingredients in aleve electrophysiologic mechanisms of atrial fibrillation (AF), an experimental tool enabling high-resolution mapping of electrical impulses on the endocardial surface of the intact left atrium is lacking.